By Guest Author Rachel Young, Senior Research Analyst, National Policy, ACEEE
Later this summer, EPA will publish its final Clean Power Plan rule, regulating greenhouse gas emissions from existing power plants. Though the final rule has not yet been released, policymakers, state governments, utility operators, and other stakeholders are weighing their options to reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) from the power sector in compliance with the rule.** As states consider plans to submit to EPA, they will want to evaluate the costs of their compliance options, but comparing different strategies can be complex. To assist states in exploring the cost and pollution reduction potential of different options, ACEEE has created the State and Utility Pollution Reduction (SUPR) Calculator (Beta).
The proposed Clean Power Plan rule that came out last year allows states flexibility to pick from a host of pollution-reducing technologies and policies when designing their compliance plans. Energy efficiency is included in those options, along with renewable energy, nuclear power, natural gas generation, improvements to power plants, and many more.
The purpose of the SUPR calculator is to provide policymakers and stakeholders with a rough estimate of some of the costs and benefits of different policies and technologies that could help a state meet its air quality goals. Users can select from a list of 19 different policies and technologies, including energy efficiency policies, renewable energy options, nuclear power, emission control options, and natural gas, to build a compliance scenario in their state. SUPR shows users how much their scenario will cost and what they will get for that investment in just four easy steps:
Calculations for South Carolina
For example, under the proposed rule, South Carolina is required to reduce its emission rate by 57%, to 772 pounds per megawatt-hour (MWh). Using the SUPR calculator, it is possible to pick from various options to see what is needed to comply with the rule.
If you select an annual 1.5% energy savings target, building codes (high), combined heat and power (medium) twice, and ESCO programs, the results show that those policies together achieve 65% of South Carolina’s compliance target, at a lower cost than many other compliance options. In addition, you can see in this figure—one of many in the SUPR calculator—how close the selected policies get South Carolina to its goal.
SUPR calculator results for South Carolina
ACEEE plans to continue to refine the SUPR calculator to make it more useful. Please reach out to Sara Hayes (firstname.lastname@example.org) or Rachel Young (email@example.com) with questions or suggestions.
**PLEASE NOTE: SEEA does not take a position on whether EPA has the authority to or should regulate greenhouse gas emissions from existing sources. If these regulations move forward and include “outside of the fence line” compliance options, SEEA is focused on working with states, utilities and other key stakeholders to support energy efficiency as a least-cost, multi-pollutant resource and compliance pathway—where appropriate and cost-effective—to build a stronger, more vibrant Southeast.
For more information on the Southeast’s unique perspective on 111(d), please take a look at the recording of SEEA’s April 29th webinar on ACEEE’s 111(d) Calculator, as well as our Clean Power Plan Portal.